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Ask your clients what areas of their bodies they like the least and their butt is likely on the list. Some people think that their bottom is too flat or they complain that it sags. Others simply want a bigger or more well-rounded booty, like many of today’s hottest celebs.
Certainly, having them do glute exercises can help get them the backside they desire. But making this workout as effective as possible means also working with them to avoid some rather common glute training mistakes.
Here we share seven of those mistakes, also providing ways to keep clients from making these errors. Before we get into them, let’s first discuss why training the glute muscle group is so important—other than creating a butt that makes them smile every time they look in the mirror.
Our glute muscles make it possible to sit and stand upright. They do this by stabilizing the pelvis, giving us better balance. The glutes also play a key role in movement. More specifically, they help move the hips by assisting with hip abduction and adduction, along with supporting internal and external rotation of the thigh.
Without the glutes, we wouldn’t be able to walk, jump, or climb stairs. It’s also difficult to perform these everyday actions with weak glute muscles. Glute weakness can be caused by a sedentary lifestyle. Research further suggests that individuals who are obese may have less glute strength. If your client has knee pain or pain in the hips, they may have weak glutes. Poor glute strength can also show up in the form of pain in the lower back.
Another reason clients should build muscle strength in the glutes is that this aids in better weight loss. The gluteus maximus is the biggest muscle in the body. Muscle uses more energy than fat, even when at rest. So, building the largest muscle maximizes this effect, resulting in greater fat loss.
When working the glutes, avoiding training mistakes can help clients get the most from their exercise program. Some of these mistakes can also be behind glutes that aren’t growing despite working out. Here are seven common glute training mistakes to look for, as well as ways to correct them.
Many cardio workouts claim to create a better-looking or firmer butt. During the session, the instructor tells attendees to put more power into their kickback so they “feel the burn” in their glutes. This sends a message that you can build glute muscles with cardio alone.
Yes, they might feel muscle soreness in their glutes after a cardio workout. But if a client wants to create a stronger, bigger backside, strength training is required. Help them understand this so they don’t mistakenly believe that cardio exercise is enough to build the butt they want.
We often talk about the glutes as if we are referring to one single muscle. So, if a client does one glute exercise, they may think that they’re good.
To keep them from making this mistake, explain that the glutes are actually a muscle group. When training then, they want to make sure they hit each individual muscle:
gluteus maximus – the biggest and most superficial muscle, giving the butt its shape; supports hip extension and thigh abduction, also aiding in thigh adduction and external rotation
gluteus medius – sits under the gluteus maximus; helps the thigh internally rotate and abduct at the hip joint
gluteus minimus – the deepest gluteal muscle, and also the smallest; helps the gluteus medius with thigh internal rotation and abduction
Performing isolation exercises that target all three muscles provides a more complete glute workout. At the same time, keep in mind that you can’t isolate each glute muscle completely. One reason is that they often work together. Plus, many movements use a variety of additional muscles, such as leg exercises that also work the hamstrings.
That said, some exercises target one glute muscle more than the others. Research indicates that the best movements to target the gluteus maximus include the split squat, step-up, deadlift, and barbell hip thrust.
Another study reveals that the single-leg bridge, side-lying hip abduction, and lateral step-up are great for working the gluteus medius. To work the gluteus minimus, include exercises such as the single-leg bridge and single-leg squat. All these together can help your client develop strong glutes.
Poor form increases injury risk. It also means that your client may not be effectively targeting their glute muscles. Watching them closely when they are performing glute exercises can help prevent form issues.
Here are a few to look for:
When doing the donkey kick, make sure they don’t let their lower back sag. If it does, have them square their hips and engage their core.
When doing a lunge, watch that their front knee does not extend past their toes. Not only does this reduce the stress on the glutes, but it is also harder on the knees.
When doing a fire hydrant, look for hip rotation. If you see this, have them square their hips, keeping them aligned with their shoulders.
Muscle activation involves getting a specific muscle to contract and “turn on.” This strengthens the connection between the muscle and nervous system, leading to optimal muscle contraction.
The best time to work on activation during exercise is the warm-up. Have the client perform glute activation drills at the beginning of the workout. Exercises that can help promote activation include the glute bridge, resistance band squat, and lateral band walk.
This common glute training mistake can go either way. Some clients may not use enough resistance. Others may use too much.
Performing a strength assessment can help determine what type of resistance your client should use when working the glutes. For example, if their lower back arches during an overhead squat assessment, this could be a sign that they need to build up the strength in their glutes (along with their hip flexor muscles, lower back, and abs).
Some people perform the same glute exercises at each workout. They do a squat exercise, hip thrusts, and finish off with the glute kickback. While these are all good movements for the glute region, changing things up from time to time works the muscles in different ways. It also helps keep the body from adapting to the same old workout session.
When is it time to change their routine? One sign is if they’ve hit a plateau. This is a good time to switch things up. Another time is if they’re getting bored with their training. Adding more variety can help keep them motivated.
You can overdo it with glute exercise. If you overwork your glutes, they can become tight, leading to pain in the lower back or leg. This tightness can also negatively affect posture, making it hard to walk or stand up straight.
The best way to avoid overtraining the glutes is with a diversified exercise plan. Have them work these muscles twice a week with several days in between each training session. This gives the glutes time to fully recover before being stressed again.
You can establish your expertise in glute training by becoming an ISSA Certified Glute Specialist. This course covers the latest glute trends, teaches you how to assess a client’s glute strength, and discusses some of the most common glute dysfunctions. With this certification, you may soon find that you are the most sought-after personal trainer for clients with glute goals.
The ISSA Glute Training Specialist Course teaches trainers the science behind building better glutes and how to focus on these muscle groups to give clients the best results. You'll learn how to unlock the hips, create better programming, and deliver envious results. You'll master the art of developing a superior posterior and be the go-to glute expert!
Fenato, R.R., Araujo, A.C.F. & Guimarães, A.T.B. Comparison of gluteus medius strength between individuals with obesity and normal-weight individuals: a cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 22, 584 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-021-04470-8
Neto, W. K., Soares, E. G., Vieira, T. L., Aguiar, R., Chola, T. A., Sampaio, V. L., & Gama, E. F. (2020). Gluteus Maximus Activation during Common Strength and Hypertrophy Exercises: A Systematic Review. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 19(1), 195–203.
Moore, D., Semciw, A. I., & Pizzari, T. (2020). A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF COMMON THERAPEUTIC EXERCISES THAT GENERATE HIGHEST MUSCLE ACTIVITY IN THE GLUTEUS MEDIUS AND GLUTEUS MINIMUS SEGMENTS. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 15(6), 856–881. https://doi.org/10.26603/ijspt20200856